Our solar system is made up of eight planets, hundreds of natural satellites like moons, thousands of asteroids, and billions of comets. This beautiful space cocktail is constantly moving around our sun. But it could all be torn apart if just one stray black hole decided to drop by…
Yes, there’s been a lot of talk about black holes lately since Kathrine Bouman figured out how to take a picture of one. The closest black hole to our solar system is 10 to 13 times the mass of our sun, and it’s located 3,000 light years away. But what would happen if a black hole came into our solar system?
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What are black holes? 1:18
Supermassive black holes 1:48
Stellar-mass black holes 2:59
The most terrifying thing 4:11
When we would start to feel its pull 4:49
You want some spaghetti… fication? 5:51
What if two supermassive black holes collided? 6:49
#blackholes #space #brightside
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– Black holes actually huge amounts of matter crammed into a teeny-tiny space. As a result, they have an extremely strong gravitational pull. In fact, it’s so powerful that even light can’t escape once a hole gets its hands on it.
– A big fat star collapses, then boom, black hole. Those ones are called stellar mass black holes. But there are also mega monsters called supermassive black holes. Those ones can be found churning slowly at the centers of galaxies.
– If our galaxy, the Milky Way, decided to rearrange itself, putting us a few dozen light years away from the center where a supermassive black hole lives (instead of 26,000 light years away), we’d be doomed.
– But what about a stellar mass black hole? They appear when stars run out of their star fuel and basically fall into themselves. This only happens if a star is big enough, like 3-10 times bigger than our sun.
– Here’s the thing I find most terrifying – we wouldn’t notice the black hole until it’s too late! The only detail that could give away the approaching black hole is a slight blurring of distant stars due to the hole’s gravitational lensing effect.
– As the gravitational pull of the black hole approaches each planet, it’ll play tug-of-war with our sun, ripping them all to pieces. As soon as the black hole reaches the asteroid belt between Jupiter and Mars, we’ll start to feel its pull
– Before disappearing into the abyss, anything that falls into the gravitational pull of a black hole will go through a process called spaghettification.
– Basically, if anything gets too close to a black hole, before it falls in, it gets stretched waaaay out (like a spaghetti noodle!) due to the hole’s incredible gravity.
– According to scientific estimations, the odds of a black hole coming across our solar system, much less munching on our planet, are lower than the chance of winning the lottery ten times in a row.
– It turns out that almost all galaxies in the universe have their own supermassive black holes in the center of them. In some of these galaxies, the black holes can be billions of times more massive than our sun!
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