What Would a Journey to the Quantum World Be Like

Did you know there are more living things on and inside your body alone than on the entire Earth? And the world is full of this micro-stuff! You can even see some bacteria with your own eyes. The largest bacterium in the world lives in the coastal waters of Namibia. Its length is 3/4 mm, and it’s larger than, say, a grain of sand or salt!

More than half as small is a dust mite — these pests that bug you at night only grow to be around 1/3 mm. By the way, remember those amoebas from your biology classes? They’re the same size as dust mites. A single strand of human hair is just 1/10 mm thick. So wanna know more about how huge our planet really is? Then let’s look through the super-powerful microscope!

Other videos you might like:
What Would a Journey to the Earth’s Core Be Like? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3FoSAHk7DMA&
The Real Size of the Universe (Even a Child Understands) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T3T08WOlFk4&
WHAT HAPPENS INSIDE YOUR BODY? || 360 VR https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kw9EJbezlK4&

TIMESTAMPS:
The largest bacterium in the world 0:22
Why clay doesn’t let water through it 1:30
Megavirus 😱 2:12
What’s the size of a DNA strand? 3:02
How big is an electron? 4:04
And what about protons and neutrons? 4:26
Strange quarks (Btw, nobody knows if they actually exist) 5:53
Charm quarks 6:34
Top quarks 7:19
Neutrino! 7:55
The bottom of all creation 💥 8:34

#SubatomicParticle #smallestthings #brightside

SUMMARY:
– At 10 and 7 micrometers, you’ll find white and red blood cells, respectively.
– Two things that are similar in size and you won’t believe it: a clay particle and an E. coli microbe, and they’re both 2 micrometers in diameter.
– Now, a little further we meet the largest virus. It’s called Megavirus, and it’s just 440 nanometers in size.
– 200 nanometers is the size of another virus called bacteriophage. If you translate its name from Greek, you’ll find out that it feeds on bacteria.
– Pushing harder, we go down to 3 nanometers, which is the width of a DNA strand. Don’t let its width fool you, though: the length of its strands is simply enormous.
– Electrons haven’t been properly measured because they’re just too small for that. Anyway, though, the classical model of measurement says an electron is about 5 femtometers in size.
– Protons and neutrons, the other two main parts of an atom, are 5 times smaller than electrons!
– A quark is a particle that makes up protons and neutrons in an atom’s core. There are six types of them, and they all have different properties.
– A strange quark is about half as small as the up and down quarks, yet it’s 50 times as heavy!
– At 100 zeptometers, we see charm quarks. They’re even more massive than strange ones, but at least their existence is not questioned.
– Next up are bottom quarks with the size of just 30 zeptometers. Not a lot can be said about these tiny guys: they have a negative charge and they quickly transform into other, bigger types of quarks.
– And finally, the sixth type is top quarks. Their size is 100 yoctometers (yet another part per thousand added), and, against all logic, they’re the most massive of all quarks.
– But even that’s not the end of it, and there are particles even smaller than top quarks. One of them is a neutrino, measuring about 1 yoctometer.
– The string theory suggests lots of possibilities, and one of those is that a string is one-dimensional itself, but its vibrations take it to all the other dimensions.
– And the second thing on this level is believed to be quantum foam. It exists according to another theory, and it makes up the whole space-time.

Music by Epidemic Sound https://www.epidemicsound.com/

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